In russian costume especially decorated was the shoulder part of the sleeve. The typical themes of russian art in XVIII century were the “tree of life” and the paradise bird Sirin guarding this tree. The situating of this embroidery is concerned with old russian conception of amulets , saving people from evil forces, that are all around us in this world. In the beginning this embroidery was something like magic.
Often you can see the images of birds, horses, trees and women . They have especiall meaning.
Bird – brings joy, light and kindness. Horse – the symbol of Sun. Tree of Life – symbol of Ethernal Nature.
The composition of white, red and yellow colors is typical for traditional russian cloth. The red color is connected with word “beautiful” – in russian language these words have similar sounding.
Usually you imagine russian women's costume like sarafan and kokoshnik. Costume with sarafan was widespreaded in Russia in XVII-XVIII centuries. It was including shirt, sarafan, belt and sometimes apron. In women's costume there also were ear rings made of pearls and different necklaces .
Holiday headpieces in XVIII-XIX centuries were looking like wide stripe that was hard (something like hoop) or soft. This stripe was tied around the head and fastened with different ribbons: open-worked with cuts, flat or with volume. Wreaths were decorated with pearls, gems, nacre or gold. Also there were theads – that were going down to the brow from wreath. These threads were made of pearls or nacre and looked like light net or rounded scallops. Ribbons were tied like a bow in the back or were just hang down. The plait was decorated with ribbons too, and in the end of plait there was a “ plaiter ” – made of patterned silk embroidered with gold and pearls. Girl's and women's headpieces were covered with kerchief . The kerchief was freely throwed over the headpiece or tied under the chin.
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